2007年03月07日

Summer School for High School Girls -for Scientists and Engineers of tomorrow-

Summer School for High School Girls
-for Scientists and Engineers of tomorrow-




Eiko Torikai
Affiliation, Country University of Yamanashi, Japan

To attract girls into science and engineering, the Physical Society of Japan (JPS) has organized the Girls’ Science Summer School in August 2005 in collaboration with the National Women Education Center (NWEC), Academic Societies on Science, the Japan Inter-Society Liaison Association Committee for Promoting Equal Participation of Men and Women in Science and Engineering (EPMEWSE).
The purposes of this camp were providing an opportunity to interact with actual women scientists and engineers to know how they are enjoying their jobs and lives as well and supporting networking of girls who are interested in S&T. There were 56 girls having enjoyed 2 days camp; lectures by scientists and engineers, overnight discussions with each other and tutors of women graduate as well as undergraduate students. 20 women graduate and undergraduate students assist the program.
The 2-nd Summer School for High School Girls held on Aug. 2006 has been organized by NWEC as a MEXT commissioned project in collaboration with Science Council of Japan.
In this school, there were 111 high school girls attended and enjoyed the following program:
- 7 lectures by scientists, engineers, technicians, and students
- 6 experiments by academic societies
- 29 booth of career counseling by academic societies.

To our pleasant surprise, the small stone, that has been thrown by voluntary efforts of scientists, high school teachers and students in the beginning, creates ripples in the society and calls public concern on encouraging girls into S&T. In 2006, the MEXT got started the new project for encouraging junior high school and high school girls into S&T. In this project, MEXT offers 35 MJPY to support local events. It is now open for competition.
Both schools were broadcasted widely by the NHK TV program of the News-10 in 2005, and NHK International Radio Program of the World Japan “What’ on Japan” in 2006. In this Symposium, I show you these programs. One can also watch the TV programs that introduce the Second Summer School for High School Girls – for Scientists and Engineers of Tomorrow – on demand from the Science Channel HP recorded by the Japan Science and Technology Association (JST) [1].
Before planning the first summer school in 2004, we were reluctant to propose an all-girls program with atmosphere of “All-girls program may cause reverse discrimination.” In Oct. 2004, Asian leaders on Women in Physics got together in the Round Table Discussion in Asia Pacific Physics Conference (APPC9) . There, we have learned the activity of the Physics Camp for High School Girls Students by Korean Physical Society in the round table discussion on Women in Physics [2]. Encouragement by Prof. Youngar Park, a chair of KPS gender equal participation committee, pushed us to confront the negative opinions.
On the contrary, they have stimulated by our nation-wide survey concerning the situation and consciousness of scientists and engineers on women participation into physics. They have conducted the similar survey and has received response more than 80% of members. The survey result by KPS was reported in the International Conference on Women in Physics in May 2005 (Rio de Janeiro) [3].
[1] JST Science Channel http://sc-smn.jst.go.jp/
[2] БgKorean Physical Society Physics Camp for High School Girl StudentsБh, Youngah Park, AAPPS Bulletin 15, pp.28-29, 2005, http://www.aapps.org/archive/bulletin/vol15/15_3/15_3_p26p30%7F.pdf
[3] AIP Conference Proceedings: Women in Physics, 2nd IUPAP Int. Conf. on Women in Physic, Rio de Janeiro, May 23-25, 2005.

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