2007年03月02日

Women's Participations in the Digital Economy: Perspectives in China

Women's Participations in the Digital Economy: Perspectives in China



Dr. Celine Yi Shen and Jianqiao Ge

eBusiness Center, Peking University, People's Republic of China



The information and communication technology (ICT) market in China is huge and undergoing rapidly growth, while great opportunities exist as well as challenges for women’s occupation in ICT. To better understand the current gaps and situations of ICT phenomena in China, we present a research category which is consisted of two dimensions: from the descriptive aspects of ICT (i.e. Education, Application, Occupation and Career) to the anthropological variables (i.e. Gender, Geographic, Age). The concluded findings are summarized as followings.

For the improved basic education for both boys and girls, younger generations are more involved in ICT, either in its application or in the occupation and career. Women Internet user grows even faster than men. For those women in ICT, data indicate that although they earn higher salary, they have to work longer and thus sacrifice more family and personal time.

We use a Trapezium Framework to conclude women’s current situation for their career and occupation in information and communication technology field. We argue that at the bottom of such a trapezium, there’s little difference between male and female college students. While stepping up the trapezium, the occupation and distribution gaps between genders are much enlarged. As a result on the top of the trapezium, there are few female leaders in either ICT research or industry field.

To better specify the situation of women entrepreneurs in ICT field, we refer a comparative research among 16 focal points in Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation. The usage of Internet in the small and medium enterprises which are led by women were examined, and the results showed some differences between focal points and different industry field.

Relative inspirational and promotional programs in China are also summarized. At the end of the paper we conclude the existing challenges for our research and propose some possible strategies. Joint researches and collaborations between different regions and fields are especially welcomed.

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