2007年03月02日

Mainstreaming Women Physicist in Korea and Supporting Policy of Korean government for women in S&T

Mainstreaming Women Physicist in Korea and Supporting Policy of Korean government for women in S&T



Youngah Park
Department of Physics, Myongji University, Yongin, 449-728, Korea

Physics is the most under-represented major amongst all science fields by women in Korea. Women majoring in physics compose the highest undergraduate percentage and lowest professional percentage in Asia according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) survey done in 2001. In terms of membership in the Korean Physical society (KPS), the women membership of KPS amounts to 1,200 comprising 11 % out of 10,650 members.

In order to promote women physicists in Korea, the Women in Physics Committee was established in 2002 under KPS. “Women in Physics Committee” has annually organized “Physics Camp for High School Girl Students” since 2002, attracting many girl students into physics. Annual Awards for the Excellent Female Master degree and Ph. D students were established from 2006 to encourage female graduate students. Forum for female members was held at the annual meeting of KPS to make a strong networking within female members.

The first International Workshop on Asian Women in Physics was held in Pohang, Korea from November 23-25, 2005 to discuss the issues of promoting gender equality in physics in the Asia Pacific region. Over 40 people from 6 countries and regions attended, presented reports on their current situation and compared regional similarities and differences. Based upon the resolution of this workshop, Working Group on Women in Physics was established under the Association of the Asia Pacific Physical Societies (AAPPS) in Osaka, April 2006.

During the last five years, the Korea Government has been very active to mainstreaming women in science and engineering: “Act on Fostering and Supporting Women Scientists, Engineers and Technologists" legislated by the Ministry of Science and Engineering is a landmark policy to promote women in science and engineering. Due to the "Recruitment Target System for Female Faculty" introduced by the Ministry of Education in 2003, there was a significant increase of female faculties in the National Universities.
Comments on the “KPS Physics Camp for High School Girl Students”

The Women in Physics Committee of KPS annually organized physics camp for high school girl students since the summer of 2002. The aim of this camp is to give them an opportunity to do work and interact with working physicists and enhance smart girl networking.

The KPS physics camps have been successful in terms of attracting many enthusiastic girl students and enhancing their interests in physics. Also, Korean physics community became to notice the importance of this kind of activity. To draw many girl students in various regions of the country, the KPS co-organized physics camp with the WISE (Women into Science and Engineering) center, which has a network system between girl students interested in science and mathematics. Also from 2004 to 2006, ASML Trust supported the summer camp.

Physics summer camp for high school girl students successfully provided high school girl students with valuable experiences to do work and interact with working physicists and thereby enhance smart girl network system. The program processed with two parts. At the first part, teams consisting of three to four students visited excellent physics research laboratories in universities and research institutes located in diverse parts over Korea. They explored what’s going on in each laboratory and executed some basic experiments at hands. In the mean time, high school girls could meet working physicists and get a deep touch with science itself. The second part consists of on-site camp where they made oral and poster presentations about what they learned and what they did in the laboratories they visited. Their presentations were evaluated and outstanding teams are awarded. Also the champion team of 2004 Physics camp was given the privilege to have a study trip to Netherlands and to participate in the Launching Conference of World Physics Year 2005, which was held in January in UNESCO, Paris.

[DOWNLOAD]

この記事へのコメント
コメントを書く
お名前:

メールアドレス:

ホームページアドレス:

コメント:

この記事へのトラックバックURL
http://blog.sakura.ne.jp/tb/3474209

この記事へのトラックバック